Removal of warts: an overview of methods and their effectiveness

removal of warts on the body

The thought of warts does not evoke the best associations. Although warts do not cause pain, do not itch, and the like, constantly seeing these growths on different parts of the body can be really unpleasant. In addition, this problem can spread further to the body, and a person can infect others. Therefore, warts need to be removed in time. However, the removal of these neoplasms occurs according to its own rules.

A wart is a defect caused by the human papillomavirus. You need to know that this disease does not endanger life, but it causes many aesthetic problems. Owners of warts are forced to mask the defect, to deal with worries about their appearance. And sometimes they cause not the most pleasant sensations. Therefore, it is advisable to get rid of the problem once and for all, stop being afraid of judgmental views and not infect people around.

Wart: a cosmetic defect or a serious problem?

In general, warts are quite common among people. Some ignore them, not seeing anything terrible. In fact, the occurrence of these growths characterizes the owner's immunity. A wart is a benign skin growth caused by a type of human papillomavirus (HPV). In general, papilloma is a fairly common disease.

Important! The very likelihood of contracting HPV or the specificity of the course of the disease is associated with immunity and the type of virus. The incubation takes up to six months.

what is a wart

You can get infected by simply touching the diseased skin, interacting with objects containing the virus - a sick person brought it there. These are towels, soap, manicure, pedicure tools, a floor in a sports gym, pool water, etc. If the skin is injured, the chance of infection is higher. Another factor of infection is excessive sweating.

Important! Warts can spread to nearby tissue structures. In other words, a single neoplasm on the body can further provoke similar problems nearby or elsewhere.

Sometimes it is difficult to determine which neoplasm is on the body, because outwardly a wart and a mole are similar. The main difference lies in the nature of these problems, which means that they need to be corrected in different ways. According to Svetlana Pilyavskaya, dermatovenerologist, a wart can be easily confused with hanging moles, seborrheic keratoma, red moles and some other defects.

There are several types of viruses that cause warts to form.

  1. Plantar warts are the result of HPV infection types 1, 2, 4.
  2. Vulgar papillomas that mostly appear on the hands. Their formation is due to HPV types 2 and 3.
  3. Flat - HPP 3 types.
  4. Pointed - 6 and 11 HPV types.

Important! If you are in doubt, a mole on your skin or a wart, you do not need to try to remove this defect yourself - a visit to the doctor is necessary. Dermal moles are pigment-free, taking on a very different appearance. Warts are also different, differing in shape and surface appearance.

Types of warts

types of warts on the human body

Based on the location and general appearance of the wart, the following classification can be determined.

  1. Flat warts are round, firm nodules that do not cause pain. Diameter - from 0. 5 to 3 millimeters. Sometimes this problem is almost invisible and can go away on its own, or it can perfectly resist any correction methods. “Favorite” places: face, back of the hand, sometimes forearms.
  2. Common warts usually form on the hand (fingers or back of the hand). Although such a problem can form anywhere. The wart is dense, the surface is rough. The color is close to flesh or grayish. The diameter ranges from 3 to 10 millimeters.
  3. A plantar wart causes significant pain, preventing a person from walking normally. From the name you can pretend that the place of localization is the stop. The color is grayish, as a result of which the wart resembles a corn. The difference is that the first has papillary growths of a red hue in the center under the layers. A problem is formed due to improperly selected shoes or excessive sweating of the feet.
  4. Genital warts occur near the genitals. They often form in groups, provoking quite severe pain. In some parts, they are very large, as a result of which a person will have to experience constant discomfort.

Important! Despite popular belief, growths on the skin that appear in old age do not depend on HPV, and they cannot be called warts. This deficiency is typical for people after fifty. The top of such neoplasms is slightly oily, often black.

Can warts turn into cancer?

Warts do not usually develop into cancer. It is worth worrying if a rare form of HPV infection of the skin is identified - epidermodysplasia verruciform. It can degenerate into squamous cell skin cancer, including invasive.

can warts cause cancer

There are situations in which the warts grow very quickly, they are covered with ulcers, atypical, and the treatment does not give the desired effect. Then a biopsy is needed - during the analysis, a tissue sample is taken in order to then identify certain abnormalities - inflammatory processes, cancerous growths, and so on.

It is important to say that melanoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin can "pretend" to be a wart - we are warned about this by experienced doctors. Some HPV types that cause genital warts are classified as high cancer risk groups. In other words, under certain conditions, they provoke dysplasia, the further development of cancer.

Important! For example, cervical cancer very often occurs due to the activity of HPV with a high oncogenic risk.

When should you think about removing a wart?

For the most part, warts do not cause problems for their owner, and therefore people rarely go to doctors. Although there are symptoms in which you should consider removing this defect.

  1. Soreness when pressing or touching a wart.
  2. Very rapid growth of the wart, its color change, bleeding at the point of growth.
  3. The dimensions are too large.
  4. A very striking aesthetic defect.
  5. Infection damage to other parts of the body.

Do you always need to get rid of warts?

when to remove warts

A wart can be removed if it makes a person feel uncomfortable, makes him feel complexes. Usually, clients ask cosmetologists to remove this defect if it strikes the eye or interferes with normal life - from the face, neck, décolleté, hands, genitals, soles.

It may be advisable to remove a wart for medical reasons. This refers to a defect localized in the armpits, groin, under the breast in women, on the genitals, near the anus.

Important! It is also necessary to remove the wart, which can be accidentally damaged - if it is rubbed with a bra, a collar of clothes or a belt of trousers.

If a wart is damaged or gets wet regularly, it can undergo inflammation, swelling, and redness. The problem is often uncomfortable and painful. Often, the warts become larger and grow enormous. It is not difficult for an experienced surgeon to remove a wart - he will do it quickly and efficiently. In addition, the procedure is completely safe, therefore it is better to remove the wart from "dangerous" places.

Wart treatments

In general, these neoplasms do not pose a threat to human life and health. They sometimes disappear on their own, without outside influence, but this can take a long time - from a couple of months to several years. Therefore, some people decide to get rid of the defect immediately when it appears, so as not to feel embarrassed and not inadvertently infect people nearby.

It should be noted that getting rid of warts can be very difficult. Some people prefer folk remedies. For example, if you study the Internet, you can find a way to treat warts with St. John's wort: a couple of tablespoons of the crushed plant are diluted with a glass of boiling water. You need to drink half a glass three times a day half an hour before meals.

Important! Indeed, this agent in cosmetology helps in cleansing oily skin, it can treat acne. However, it is not always possible to achieve any effect in the fight against warts in this way.

how to treat warts

Another well-known recipe is to rub the wart twice a day with celandine milk juice. This liquid is obtained by cutting the stem off the plant.

Folk remedies do not guarantee treatment, so it is better to seek help from a doctor. In the clinic, you will first be told if there is a real opportunity to get rid of a particular wart at all. To date, you can get rid of the problem in the following ways.

  1. Cryodestruction, or "cauterization" of the wart with liquid nitrogen. This is a fairly effective way. Usually, three procedures are enough for clients, although one helps someone. There is no scarring after the procedure. There is one drawback: you cannot track the depth of the impact. If the freezing was insufficient, manipulations must be performed again.
  2. Laser removal is the most advanced and safest method. Coagulation can be done with a carbon dioxide laser or with an erbium laser. The problem is corrected in layers using local anesthesia. It takes very little time to manipulate. Then an insignificant trace remains, disappearing in a month.
  3. Electrocoagulation - warts are exposed to high frequency currents. Subsequently, a crust forms, which then disappears without a trace. It is important to know that manipulation is not suitable for deep removal, because a noticeable scar may remain.
  4. Surgical excision. This method is rarely used, for example, if a person suffers from deep plantar warts. At the end of the operation, a suture is applied. A bright scar will remain on the skin.
  5. removal of wart by radio waves
  6. Sometimes a wart is removed using radio wave surgery. This is an interesting, non-contact cutting technique that uses high frequency radio waves. The device operates as follows: an electrode is made from a thin wire (it is called surgical). There is a conversion of electric current into high-frequency waves. The scalpel is replaced by EM waves of a given frequency - 2. 7-4. 0 MHz. The incision effect is due to the heat generated in the tissues by the action of the electrode. Heat release occurs due to the resistance of the treated structures. The necessary energy is accumulated at the tip of the electrode, provoking the rise of intracellular molecular energy, which heats the tissue structures. Cells located in the path of the radio wave "evaporate", and the tissues in the neighborhood quietly move apart without any damage. The electrode itself does not come into contact with the neoplasm in any way.

Important! Removing the defect with the help of hardware methods can be easily and almost instantly, and the pain will be negligible.

Advantages of Hardware Removal Methods

Main advantages:

  • you can almost always track the area of ​​impact and the depth of wave penetration;
  • practically no blood loss;
  • there is no charring, which means there is no black scab;
  • there is no problem with an abundant discharge of what is inside the wound;
  • you can get rid of defects that protrude strongly above the surface of the skin and are clearly outlined;
  • maximum half hour is given for the operation;
  • puffiness and infiltrates after manipulations are minimal;
  • during and after the procedure the pain is not so strong, if necessary, anesthesia is used;
  • the recovery period is not too long;
  • the wound after the operation heals by primary intention, after which there is no rough scarring;
  • you can take the best sample for histology, designed to detect cancerous skin lesions in the early stages;
  • the shape of the organ surface is preserved;
  • you can perform such an operation on an outpatient basis;
  • You can remove an annoying wart from any area.

How to care for a wound?

how to care for a wart wound

Pus is unlikely to develop in the treated area because the wound does not contain dead tissue. Therefore, it is necessary to use a wet healing technique that will prevent the wound from drying out and forming a crust. In this case, recovery is several times faster, and the traces after the operation are not so striking. It is necessary to lubricate the wound with "Baneocin" several times a day and seal it with a plaster that does not allow access to air.

Important! Although many experts recommend treating the wound with potassium permanganate, calendula tincture or brilliant green. These are already obsolete methods.

At home

As you know, in order to remove a wart, you do not have to go to a beauty center. This can be done at home. Some of the drugs you need can actually be purchased at any pharmacy.

The safest way is to use special patches containing salicylic or lactic acid (or both). However, it takes about 2 months to get rid of the problem.

Preparations that work on the principle of cryotherapy, only liquid nitrogen is replaced by a special cooling compound, whose temperature reaches -52 degrees Celsius, are also quite effective. The remedy copes with both ordinary and plantar warts. Within a couple of weeks, there will be no trace of the problem, it will be replaced by fresh and healthy skin.

Interesting! The most important thing is to study the instructions, method of application, and more.

Applicator pens containing 40% trichloroacetic acid are also used. In this way, you can get rid of common or plantar warts. The gel form does not allow the drug to spread and catch on healthy skin, and the shape of the handle makes it possible to use the product pointwise.

Doctor's advice! “I do not advise trying to remove warts if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. As we said, this problem does not pose a danger to your health. HPV is not blood-borne, being contained in the surface layers of the skin. It does not affect pregnancy or the baby in the womb. But the methods of removing warts can affect the child not in the best way. "

Folk remedies

folk remedies for warts

Of course, in ancient times, people could not remove warts with the help of medical advances. Instead, they used what nature gave them. The use of different components is not difficult: most of them are easy to buy, and some of the funds are in a regular first-aid kit. The necessary component can either be found at home, or bought at any pharmacy or store.

Folk remedies are classified as follows.

One-component, no cooking required

You can treat the wart with vinegar. You need to apply one drop of the product to each wart. The growths will soon turn black. After a week and a half, they will disappear.

Freshly squeezed sour apple juice has a similar effect. It is required to process problem areas several times daily.

Handles the liquid soap problem. To do this, make a compress with this agent, apply it daily, constantly changing the bandage.

Another way is to knead the flowers of calendula or rose hips, attach them to the warts and cover them with a plaster.

Important! Can be attached to the Kalanchoe wart at night.

A very good option is the juice of celandine, dandelion or aloe.

You can also try to remove warts with white chalk: rub, treat the wart, cover with a wool cloth and fix. The result can be seen in a couple of days, although the procedure should take several weeks.

Multicomponent requiring mixing of components

Stir 30% peroxide with cream or petroleum jelly. Rub the mixture into the desired place and continue manipulation for a month.

Mix the ash with water, and treat the warts with the resulting composition.

It is necessary to crush rowan berries with salt, treat the steamed leather with a product and secure with a bandage.

Cut the onion into halves and let sit in the vinegar for a few hours. Put the vegetable on the neoplasm and leave it overnight - and so 4 times.

Important! You can also use garlic: soak a couple of teeth in a glass of boiling water, wait until it is infused, and then apply the mixture to the desired areas.

Wormwood in compresses: Dilute 3 tablespoons of the herb with boiling water, let stand for a couple of hours and treat the warts.

ointment of lard and garlic for warts

You can make an ointment from lard and garlic (the latter is crushed and added to the lard). For a week, you need to lubricate the warts with this composition using a bandage.

Physical methods (burning or cutting)

But these methods are very dangerous and are not recommended at home, as they can lead to negative consequences.

Summing up

Alas, it is not always possible to say goodbye to this unpleasant problem once and for all. It is advisable to take preventive measures: protect the skin from injury, do not shake hands with strangers, use suitable shoes, eat right and take care of your immunity.