The main reasons for the appearance of papillomas on the human body

causes of papillomas on the body

Any person can develop such a pathological formation as papilloma. Moreover, the older he is, the more of them can be on the body. To answer the question of why papillomas appear on human skin, it is necessary to study their nature in more detail. These formations are small benign tumors that develop from epithelial cells. They are located above the epidermis in the form of irregular droplets. Sometimes papillomas do not appear on the body, but on the mucous membranes, ligaments and some organs.

The causative agent that causes the appearance of papilloma on the body is the human papillomavirus (HPV). Once, once in the body, it remains in it forever.


Specialists distinguish over a hundred types of these neoplasms. Fortunately, 5 of them most often appear on the body of people. They are all different from each other:

  • Simple,that occur on the upper limbs. They can exist for decades, but sometimes they disappear on their own. They are most often seen in children and adolescents.
  • Flat,common on the neck, face, upper limbs. They are sometimes a major factor in skin inflammation.
  • Plantar,causing great discomfort and severe pain. They affect the feet.
  • Filiform,common in adults and the elderly. Most often they form on the neck, groin, and armpits. Such papillomas are often localized in the eye area.
  • Pointed,which are often called warts. They form on the genitals and are very dangerous.


Understanding why papilloma appears on the body, it is necessary to understand how the virus enters the body. There are several ways to contract HPV:

  • contact household;
  • sexual;
  • generic.

The pathogen penetrates even through microscopic skin lesions. Infection of newborns occurs in the birth canal of the mother - the carrier of the papillomavirus. After infection, the child often has anogenital warts or laryngeal papillomatosis.

Reasons for the appearance

Naturally, the main reason for the formation of papillomas is HPV, but sometimes it does not give itself out for years, and under favorable conditions it begins to actively develop on the body. There are various factors that trigger the progression of the disease. Causes of papilloma:

  • low immunity;
  • frequent infectious diseases;
  • depression and stressful conditions;
  • alcoholism;
  • long-term use of medicines, especially antibiotics;
  • frequent change of sexual partners;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • visiting public places such as saunas, baths, swimming pools, beaches.

Despite the fact that the reasons for the appearance of the virus are different, the combination of several provoking factors causes the growth of a large number of neoplasms on the body.

Danger of papillomas

A person with HPV is at risk of developing oncological formations, since several types of papillomavirus are distinguished by their high oncogenicity.

Often they are the main reason for the appearance of malignant tumors in the genital area. Tumors most often develop in the elderly, although more recently they have also appeared in fairly young women.

how to get rid of papillomas on the body

Papillomavirus often causes erosion of the cervix, which increases the risk of cancers. For men, the virus is not particularly dangerous, since the likelihood of developing malignant tumors is very low. Papillomas on the genitals create some discomfort, which can disrupt a full-fledged sex life.

These neoplasms on the body are often damaged. Particularly dangerous is injury and infection with papillomas located in places of friction of clothing and on the bends of the limbs.

Very often, when shaving, men damage the formations located on the face and neck. But any mechanical injury can lead to their infection and degeneration into a malignant tumor.

Signs and Diagnostics

After the penetration of HPV into the body, the incubation period lasts for 2-3 months. In some cases, it can last for several years. At the same time, the virus in no way betrays itself, but under favorable conditions for it, papillomas quickly appear on the body. Signs of these neoplasms:

  1. Simple papillomasrigid with a rough surface. Their size can range from 1 mm to several millimeters. They are often localized in groups. Formed on the palms, fingers and popliteal hollows. Such papillomas grow when the immune system is impaired.
  2. Flat papillomaspractically do not differ in color from skin tone. They resemble flat-topped bumps. These formations often redden and itch.
  3. Plantar formationsare very similar to calluses. At the initial stage of development, small cone-shaped neoplasms appear, gradually turning into a papilloma with a characteristic rim. Next to it, smaller ones appear - daughter formations.
  4. Filiform papillomasare yellowish bumps that gradually grow in length. Their size can reach 1-6 mm.
  5. Genital wartsappear when the immune system malfunctions. With good health, this type of virus can remain dormant for decades. Under the influence of provoking factors, characteristic formations appear on the genitals. In men, they are localized on the scrotum, head of the penis and frenum. In women, they appear on the clitoris, cervix, labia, in the vagina, in the anus. These painless formations, ranging in size from 1 mm to several centimeters, have a thin stem. They are flesh-colored, pinkish, or reddish.

A dermatologist can help diagnose a specific type of HPV. Specialists such as a urologist and gynecologist also examine the genitals for neoplasms. To determine the oncogenicity of papilloma, a blood test is performed using PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and DNA diagnostics. As a rule, the specialist suggests conducting the same research for the patient's sexual partner.

Women, in addition to the above tests, undergo colposcopy and genital biopsy. Patients whose papillomavirus is oncogenic undergo gynecological examinations twice a year. Pregnancy planning involves preliminary diagnosis and treatment of the virus. If genital warts are detected in a pregnant woman, the specialist recommends the removal of these neoplasms.


Papillomas can be treated with different methods. Most often they are removed using various modern methods. These include:

  • cryodestruction;
  • laser destruction;
  • thermocoagulation;
  • chemical destruction;
  • radiosurgical removal.

When HPV is detected in the body, conservative treatment is also prescribed, during which special drugs are used. They stop the virus from multiplying and increase the activity of immune cells. When the cervix is ​​damaged, special ointments are also used, which are applied topically. Treatment for papillomavirus should be comprehensive.


Getting rid of these neoplasms is much more difficult than preventing their appearance. Knowing why papillomas appear on the body, a person can maximally protect himself from infection with this virus. For this, it is not enough just to eliminate the causes of the disease, but it is necessary to regularly carry out general strengthening therapy. You should also follow all the rules of personal hygiene.

Since no one is immune from papillomavirus, you should strengthen the body's immune system, observe hygiene, practice protected sex, and timely treat diseases of the nervous system. When these neoplasms appear, it is imperative to be examined by a doctor who will establish the type of HPV and recommend treatment.